Wednesday, March 8, 2017


The Next Test will be on IMPERIALISM.  In order to be successful, you MUST read the book. 
  -- Here is a link to book.  You should read CHAPTER 10 in the online textbook.
--- Helpful Video #1
---  Helpful Video #2
-- Here are your terms
Chapter 18 America Claims an Empire

Chapter 18 Section 1- Imperialism and America

Alfred T. Mahan- Navy Admiral that advocated for American military expansion
Imperialism- the policy of extending a nation’s authority over other countries by economic, political, or military means
Pearl Harbor- an American naval base in Hawaii used to refuel American ships
Sanford B. Dole- leader of the temporary government established in Hawaii after overthrowing Queen Liliuokaiani
Queen Liliuokaiani- Queen of Hawaii that surrendered to the US, causing the annexation of Hawaii in 1893
William Seward- arranged for the US to purchase Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million (about two cents an acre)

Chapter 18 Section 2- The Spanish-American War

George Dewey- commanded the attack on the Spanish ships and troops in the Philippines
Jose Marti- Cuban poet that launched a Cuban revolution against Spain based on an active guerrilla campaign and destroying property
Rough Riders- a volunteer cavalry regiment, commanded by Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt, that served in the Spanish-American War
San Juan Hill- location of the most important battle of the Spanish-American War where the Rough Riders defeated the Spanish troops
Treaty of Paris- (1898) the treaty ending the Spanish-American War, in which Spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the US, and sold the Philippines to the US for $20 million
U.S.S. Maine- a US warship that mysteriously exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba on February 15, 1898
Valeriano Weyler- Spanish General sent to Cuba to crush the rebellion, put 300,000 Cubans in concentrations camps to prevent them from aiding the rebel force
Yellow journalism- the use of sensationalized and exaggerated reporting by newspapers and magazines to attract readers

Chapter 18 Section 3- Acquiring New Lands

Boxer Rebellion- a 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from Western influence
Emilio Aguinaldo- Filipino leader that led a revolt against the US annexation of the Philippines
Foraker Act- legislation passed by Congress in 1900, in which the US ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government
John Hay- US Secretary of State that issued a series of policy statements called the Open Door notes
Open Door notes- messages sent by Secretary of State John Hay in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan, asking the countries not to interfere with US trading rights in China
Platt Amendment- a series of provisions that, in 1901, the US insisted Cuba add to its new constitution, commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the US the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease Cuban land for naval and fueling stations
Protectorate- a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger person

Chapter 18 Section 4- America as a World Power

Dollar diplomacy- the US policy of using the nation’s economic power to exert influence over other countries
Emiliano Zapata- Mexican revolutionary leader
Francisco “Pancho” Villa- Mexican revolutionary general
John J. Pershing- American General sent into Mexico to find and eliminate Mexican revolutionary leader Francisco Villa
Panama Canal- an artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, opened in 1914
Roosevelt Corollary- an extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President Roosevelt in 1904, under which the US claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations

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